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Understanding Lupus: Guide to Basic Facts

Lupus is a complex and often misunderstood autoimmune disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Despite its prevalence, there are many misconceptions surrounding lupus. Let's explore some basic facts about lupus!

Who is at Higher Risk?

Lupus can affect individuals of all ages, genders, races, and ethnicities. However, women are more likely to develop Lupus than men, with nine out of 10 people diagnosed with Lupus identifying as a woman. Additionally, Lupus tends to be more common among people of African, Asian, Hispanic, and Native American descent. While genetics play a role, environmental factors such as exposure to sunlight, certain medications, infections, and hormonal fluctuations may also contribute to the risk of developing lupus.

Average Age of Diagnosis:

While Lupus can occur at any age, it most commonly manifests in individuals between the ages of 15 and 44. However, it's important to note that Lupus can also affect children and older adults, albeit less frequently. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in managing the symptoms and preventing complications associated with Lupus.

Types of Lupus:

Lupus is a heterogeneous disease with various forms, each presenting its own set of symptoms and challenges.

  1. The most common form of Lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which can affect multiple organ systems in the body, including the skin, joints, kidneys, heart, and lungs.

  2. Cutaneous Lupus primarily affects the skin, causing rashes, lesions, and other dermatological symptoms.

    1. Discoid lupus is a subtype of cutaneous Lupus characterized by coin-shaped lesions on the skin.

  3. Drug-induced Lupus is a temporary form of Lupus that occurs as a side effect of certain medications, typically resolving once the medication is discontinued.

  4. Neonatal Lupus is a rare condition that affects newborn babies born to mothers with Lupus, presenting with skin rash, liver problems, and other symptoms.

While Lupus can be a challenging condition to live with, it can be a part of your life and not take over your life. With proper medical care, a strong support system, and focus on self-care with diet and lifestyle, individuals with Lupus can continue to live their life as they wish.

If you feel as though you are ready to see how much diet and lifestyle can improve your symptoms, reach out to me today!

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